Subsequent to the two-day G-20 Leaders’ Summit held between September 9 and 10 in New Delhi, President Biden and Prime Minister Modi released a joint statement.
Below, I have listed some of the salient points of the communique:
- The leaders called on their governments to continue the work of transforming the India-U.S. Strategic Partnership across all dimensions of their multifaceted global agenda.
- They expressed confidence that the outcomes of the G-20 Summit will advance the shared goals of accelerating sustainable development, bolstering multilateral cooperation, and building inclusive economic policies including fundamentally reshaping and scaling up multilateral development banks.
- The two leaders stressed the importance of the Quad in supporting a free, open, inclusive, and resilient Indo-Pacific. Prime Minister Modi looked forward to welcoming President Biden to the next Quad Leaders’ Summit to be hosted by India in 2024. India welcomed the U.S. decision to co-lead the Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative: Pillar on Trade Connectivity and Maritime Transport, further to the U.S. decision to join IPOI in June 2023.
- President Biden reaffirmed his support for a reformed UN Security Council with India as a permanent member, and, in this context, welcomed once again India’s candidature for the UNSC non-permanent seat in 2028-29.
- Having set a course to reach new frontiers across all sectors of space cooperation, the leaders welcomed efforts toward establishment of a Working Group for commercial space collaboration under the existing India-U.S. Civil Space Joint Working Group.
- On the subject of building resilient global semiconductor supply chains, the leaders expressed satisfaction at the ongoing implementation of announcements made in June 2023 by U.S. companies, Micron, LAM Research, and Applied Materials.
- In the field of telecommunications, the leaders continue to look forward to the participation of Indian companies in the U.S. Rip and Replace Program; President Biden also welcomed India’s support for a Rip and Replace pilot in the United States.
- In the quantum domain, the U.S. has recognized that the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay joined the Chicago Quantum Exchange as an international partner.
- The leaders hailed the signing of an Implementation Arrangement between the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and India’s Department of Biotechnology to enable scientific and technological research collaborations in biotechnology and biomanufacturing innovations.
- The leaders also welcomed the growing number of multi-institutional collaborative education partnerships, such as those between New York University-Tandon and IIT Kanpur Advanced Research Center, and the Joint Research Centers of the State University of New York at Buffalo and IIT Delhi, Kanpur, Jodhpur, and BHU, in the areas of critical and emerging technologies.
- Prime Minister Modi and President Biden reaffirmed their commitment to deepen and diversify the India-U.S. Major Defense Partnership in new and emerging domains such as space and AI, and accelerated defense industrial collaboration.
- The leaders welcomed the commencement of negotiations for a commercial agreement between GE Aerospace and Hindustan Aeronautical Limited to manufacture GE F-414 jet engines in India. Both sides recommitted to advancing India’s emergence as a hub for the maintenance and repair of forward-deployed U.S. Navy assets and other aircraft and vessels.
- The leaders commended the India-U.S. Defense Acceleration Ecosystem (INDUS-X) for the inaugural Academia Start-up Partnership at IIT Kanpur, with the participation of Penn State University, and for initiating the Joint Accelerator Program for Indian Startups.
- President Biden welcomed the issuance of a Letter of Request from the Ministry of Defense of India to procure 31 General Atomics MQ-9B (16 Sky Guardian and 15 Sea Guardian) remotely piloted aircraft and their associated equipment.
- The United States reaffirmed its support for India’s membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group and committed to continue engagement with like-minded partners to advance this goal.
- The leaders lauded the settlement of the seventh and last outstanding World Trade Organization dispute between India and the United States. This follows the unprecedented settlement of six outstanding bilateral trade disputes in the WTO in June 2023.
- The leaders looked forward to the India-U.S. Cancer Dialogue in November 2023, and the upcoming U.S.-India Health Dialogue, taking place in October 2023 in Washington, D.C.