Insecticides, Fungicides and Herbicides

India exports insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides to 178 countries.

Indian Industry

In 2021, India was the fifth largest global producer of pesticides. The Indian crop protection industry is a capital intensive and highly regulated industry. The pesticides industry in India is divided into six categories: insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, bio-pesticides, plant growth regulators and rodenticides. India is one of the fastest-growing pesticides exporters in the world, according to the Observatory of Economic Complexity.

The overall pesticides market in India has been largely dominated by chemical pesticides. However, the biopesticide market in India has a huge growth potential, primarily owing to government support and increasing awareness about the use of environmentally friendly pesticides in the country.

Some of the major pesticides exporters in India are

  • Dhanuka Agritech Limited 
  • Coromandel International Limited 
  • IndoGulf Crop Sciences Limited 
  • Rallis India
  • UPL India

U.S market

The federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act is the federal statute that governs the registration, distribution, sale, and use of pesticides in the United States.

In the USA, insecticides are commonly used in agricultural, public health and industrial applications, as well as household and commercial uses (e.g., control of roaches and termites). The most commonly used insecticides are the organophosphates, pyrethroids and carbamates.

The USDA reported that insecticides accounted for 12% of total pesticides applied to the surveyed crops. Corn and cotton account for the largest shares of insecticide use in the United States. Similarly, in recent years, the use of herbicides and rodenticides are also showing an upward trend.

Regulatory Framework

Rodenticides, fungicides and various other pesticides are strictly monitored by governmental agencies. Directed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), all pesticides (including imports) need to be registered before sale or distribution. If a rodenticide can harm humans or the ecosystem, it will be considered as restricted-use.

Restricted use pesticides can only be used by or under the direct supervision of certified pesticide applicators. For instance, all rodenticide tracking powders are considered to be restricted-use and need a RUP license to purchase or use. The stringent and rigorous regulatory requirements to launch or import a new rodenticide are expected to act as a restraint for this market growth. 

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